Once we discuss education, we cannot avoid two most critical the different parts of learning and teaching. We should always take into account emotional and mental attitudes to educational process. Successful education presupposes cognitive improvement of learners against creative background of mental and emotional motivations. Nowadays particular attention is paid to ways of teaching and assessment of knowledge acquisition. It is excellent to find out and recognize talented students at the first stages of educational process and help them to attain their purposes in the utmost effective way. In this context, it’s difficult to overvalue the investigations in the regions of memory, motivations, and emotions. No less important can also be students’emotional attitude to learning and teaching. Here such factor as college humor plays a substantial part.
Principles and values in education
Those teachers who keep to the right principles and values in education get useful multifaceted support inside their professional work, helping them to make practical activity most efficient and adding to enlightenment of their pupils. There are sciences such as for example psychology, sociology, and philosophy which make particular contribution to assisting in logical investigation of behavior and attitudes of the students. The current day education demonstrates the resurgence of interest to these disciplines becoming the inseparable part of most good quality educational programs. Educationalists accumulated significant quantity of understanding of learning processes, individual a reaction to teaching, and educational prospects.
Educational psychology and mental approach to teaching
Numerous mental approaches to teaching presuppose that education must develop such qualities as intellect and correct attitudes to knowledge keeping to everlasting values. The right choice of the right material clarifies your head and increases intellectual potential. The learning is grounded on replication and committing to memory. Intellectual potential of the teacher in this instance plays particularly significant part. However, in this way of teaching also takes under consideration psychological features of young students. The mental approach understands your head as an array of comparatively autonomous abilities a course in miracles free. The principles of this process value such qualities as reason, feelings, knowledge, duty, sound judgment, perception, and action. School subjects are valued for what they are worth of and for what abilities they develop.
How nature helps to produce emotional attitude to learning
Human beings are the consequence of natural development and the teacher must create the very best conditions for mental and emotional growth. The student’s personal experience becomes central and educational process should offer the absolute most suitable conditions for the development. In this instance particular attention is paid to action and skills. Teachers want encourage interest to learning with particular reliance upon student’s proper forces and resources, and with particular focus on impulsive, impromptu creativity.
Reflexes and associations in learning and teaching
Learning to distinguish objects, terms, symbols, and the language of spanish, as a matter of fact, is the method of forming conditional reflexes. In this instance the learner creates the tools to fix problems. Learning becomes a dynamic process helping to deal with further tasks. Moreover, not just the mental abilities, but in addition the emotions might be developed in this way. You can experience emotional arousal even in broader than original associated circumstances. Experts affirm that college humor can become useful contributing emotional component using this standpoint. These approaches might also explain positive and negative attitudes of students to learning and educational institutions. Learning also presupposes creating of associations between various constituents. Mental and emotional activity makes some ideas conscious at once sending other thoughts to subconsciousness. New information is connected with old ones forming the foundation for associative thinking. Moreover, old associations might also undergo transformations owing to new experience.
Gestalt psychology and education
Gestalt psychologists affirm that the whole is more compared to simple sum of the composing elements. The learning presupposes assimilation of the components that appear to be most critical with subsequent reconsideration. This multi-level structural approach may lead to understanding and solution of various problems. The Gestalt approach attracts focus on the notion of the whole, the relations of the composing elements, and modifications of mental structures by way of adaptation and adjustment.
Developmental stages and power of knowledge
Educationalists point out to the developmental stages of mental and emotional growth. The teacher must detect the learner’s capabilities and offer suitable resources and techniques to produce them. The growth through various intellectual stages along with active experience is essential. Cognitive approach pays particular focus on the way of thinking in acquiring knowledge. Perception and action go before the ability to operate with symbols and pave the way for comprehensive thinking. Thinking presupposes the encouragement of intellectual awareness, play with ideas, choosing of suitable suggestions, and substantiation of appropriateness. The incentive to cognitive education could be the direct consequence of the learner’s intellectual aspirations and efforts.